Projects owned by: Central Government
The city of Diyarbakir was one of the most culturally diverse in the Middle East before World War I. People from different ethnic and religious backgrounds–Kurds, Armenians, Assyrians, Jews, Chaldeans, Arabs and Turks–lived side-by-side until the last century. The centuries-old “millet system” in the Ottoman Empire, which defined a hierarchical, contractual relationship between the state and non-Muslim communities, collapsed during [...]
After decades of one-party rule in Turkey following the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923, a transition towards multi-party rule took place after WWII. The first democratic election was held in 1950, as a result of demands for democracy within the country as well as US pressure on Kemalist forces for a transition to a multi-party regime. After promising [...]
The Fourth Pir Sultan Abdal Festival was held in Sivas in 1993. This gathering has been a crucial event for Alevis, who represent one of the largest ethnoreligious groups in Turkey but are not recognized by the state. The festival consists of conferences, discussions, speeches and religious rituals and brings various pro-Alevi NGOs and individuals together. On July 2, 1993, [...]
Assyrians are one of the oldest communities in Mesopotamia and one of the earliest Christian communities in history. Although the relationship between Muslims and Christians was not free of problems during the Ottoman period, different religious communities were able to co-exist for many centuries. Nevertheless, following the collapse of the empire and World War I, the centuries-old grievances of Assyrians [...]
The Holy Cross (Akhtamar) Cathedral in Van was built in 915-921 by the order of King I. Gagik, to shelter a piece of the True Cross that is told to be brought to whereabouts of Van in the 7th century after being smuggled from Jerusalem to Iran. The cathedral  is considered to be one of the most valuable examples of [...]